Do you want to know the exact place where is Mount Everest is located? Then, this article will provide a clear idea about the location of the world’s highest peak.
Mount Everest is the highest mountain in the world. It is the dream of every man in the world to be on the top of the world. Thus, this highest peak attracts several climbers and trekkers who want to have to close up view of the magnificent mountain.
Mount Everest is part of the Mahalangur mountain range in Nepal. It is part of the continent of Asia and is estimated to be more than 60 million years old.
The Sanskrit and Nepali name of Everest is Sagarmatha means Peak of Heaven. Its most common Tibetan name is Chomolungma means Goddess Mother of the World or Goddess of the Valley.
Mt. Everest gets its name after Sir George Everest which was recommended by Andrew Waugh.
Mt. Everest is one of the most prominent and tallest mountains in the world. The peak of Mt. Everest is 8,848 m above the sea level. Also in terms of reference to furthest points from the Earth’s Center, then it takes the fifth spot in this.
The Himalayas in Asia have the highest ranges of the mountain in the world. It spread across six countries which are India, Nepal, China, Pakistan, Afghanistan, and Bhutan.
Well, it is situated in what is called as Solu Khumbu region of Nepal. The neighboring peaks like Mt. Lhotse and Nuptse are included in the massif of Mt. Everest.
During the Mt. Everest summit worker of highlands set up four camps in different height. Main base camp of Everest summit is situated at 5335m and high camps are located at height of 6100 m, 6500 m, 7400 m, and 8000 m and of course the summit at 8848 m.
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How to get there?
Mount Everest is the highest mountain in the world and the highest point on Earth.
The summit of Mt. Everest can be reached through two routes. One from Nepal’s southeast and the other from Tibet’s north. But the south face of Mt. Everest is the most popular route that is from Nepal side.
Apart from the two main routes mentioned above, Everest can be climbed from other routes as well.
Starting in Nepal from the southeast ridge is generally considered as the easy. Although the climbing from the north is little cheaper. But rescues are far complicated as helicopters are not allowed to fly on Tibetan side.
Thus, most climbers attempt to climb Mt. Everest from the southeast side in Nepal, beginning at 17,598 feet from Everest Base Camp.
The best way to be on the Everest is flying from Kathmandu to Lukla and trekking up to the Base Camp.
You can get several domestic flights from Kathmandu to Lukla. You can also use the classical route used by the first climbers Late Tenzing Norgay and Sir Edmund Hillary via Jiri by overland.
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How high is the Mount Everest?
Mount Everest is highest mountain on Earth reaching 29,029 feet (8,848 meters) above sea level.
The first published height of the Mount Everest was made in 1856 by the Great Trigonometrical Survey of India. On the basis of this survey, the height of Mt. Everest was announced as 29,002 feet (8,840 m) which later known as “Peak XV”.
In 1955, an Indian survey first announced the elevation of Everest is 8,848 m (29,029 feet). Later Chinese measurement 8,848.13 m (29,029.30 feet) reaffirmed this height in 1975. But the height announced by both countries contained the depth of snow cape.
According to the plate tectonics theory, the height of Mt. Everest is adding and moving towards northeastwards. It is suggested that the Mt. Everest is 4 mm (0.16 in) per year (upwards) and about 3-6 mm (0.12-0.24 in) northeastwards per year.
Who climbed Mount Everest First?
Mount Everest attracts thousands of mountaineers around the world. Although climbing more than 8,000 feet is not an easy task. As altitude sickness, weather and wind are the major roadblocks to making for the summit.
More than 5,000 have climbed Everest and 219 have died while trying. About 77 percent of those ascents have been accomplished since 2000. In 2007, a record number of 633 ascents were recorded.
In 1922, Brit George Finch attempted an ascent using oxygen for the first time. Due to avalanche, the expedition was obstructed. In June 1924, Mallory and Andrew Irvine didn’t survive their attempt to reach the summit.
In 1952, members of Swiss expedition were able to reach a height of about 28,199 feet on the southeast ridge. In 1953, a British expedition led by John Hunt selected two climbing pairs to attempt to reach the summit. The first pair came within 300 feet (100 m) of the summit but were turned back because of oxygen problems.
After two days, the second pair, Edmund Hillary, and Tenzing Norgay reached the summit. They took some pictures and left some sweets and a cross.
Some interesting facts of Mt. Everest expeditions:
- May 20, 1965: Sherpa Nawang Gombu becomes the first person to reach summit twice.
- May 16, 1975: Junko Tabei of Japan becomes the first woman to summit Everest.
- May 3, 1980: Japanese climber Yasuo Kato is the first non-Sherpa to reach the summit for the second time, following his original 1973 summit.
- August 20, 1980: Reinhold Messner is the first person to reach the summit solo.
- In 1996 climbing season 16 people die while climbing Mt. Everest. This cause the highest number of fatalities in a single year. Eight climbers die on May 10 during the storm.
- May 22, 2010: Apa Sherpa, who first summited on May 10, 1990, reaches the summit a 20th time.
- May 22, 2010: Jordan Romero is the first young person to reach the summit for the first time.
- In 2013 American climber Melissa Arnot is the first non-Sherpa women to reach the summit for the 5th time.
How Does long It Takes To Climb Everest?
Climbing Mount Everest requires lots of willpower and excessive endurance.
Every year, thousands of climbers arrive Nepal, with the hope that they’ll get the opportunity to stand on the top of the world. But getting there is not easy as it requires two month-commitment.
Total days required for the expeditions is between 7 weeks to about 11 weeks. It really depends on the crafted itinerary, equipment, support crew, and climbers.
First one week is required to reach the Everest Base Camp. Rest of weeks is for climbing preparation to reach the top. Moving from one camp to other different camps, ascending and descending the mountain gives you enough time for acclimatization.
Flora and Fauna
Mount Everest is surrounded by a number of peaks including Lhotse (8,516 m), Nuptse (7,885 m) and Changtobse (7,580 m). At those high altitudes, animal life or any kind of vegetation can’t be supported.
However, birch, juniper, blue pines, firs, bamboo, and rhododendron grows in the lower area. There is no any plant above the certain height (18,690 feet, 5750m).
Musk deer, wild yak, red panda, snow leopard and Himalayan black bears inhabit at lower altitudes.
There are also small numbers of Himalayan thars, deer, langur monkeys, hares, mountain foxes, martens, and Himalayan wolves.
Here we offer a variety of trekking and tour to Everest regions in all four seasons: